Home

Cite

Saxe-Meiningen

Saxe-Meiningen săks-mīn´ĭng-ən [key], Ger. Sachsen-Meiningen, former duchy, Thuringia, central Germany. The capital was Meiningen . A possession of the Ernestine branch of the house of Wettin , it became a separate duchy in 1681 under Bernard, third son of Ernest the Pious of Saxe-Gotha . In the dynastic rearrangement that followed the extinction (1825) of the male line of Saxe-Gotha, the duke of Saxe-Meiningen received (1826) Saxe-Saalfeld from the duke of Saxe-Coburg (who obtained Gotha instead) and Saxe-Hildburghausen (whose duke was compensated with Saxe-Altenburg). Saxe-Meiningen sided (1866) with Austria in the Austro-Prussian War. The last duke abdicated in 1918, and in 1920 Saxe-Meiningen was incorporated into Thuringia. For the theatrical company organized by Duke George II of Saxe-Meiningen, see Meiningen Players .

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: German History

Browse by Subject