Czechoslovakia

Introduction

Czechoslovakia chĕk˝ōslōväk´ēə [key], Czech Československo chĕs´kōslōvĕn˝skō [key], former federal republic, 49,370 sq mi (127,869 sq km), in central Europe. On Jan. 1, 1993, the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic (see Slovakia ) became independent states and Czechoslovakia ceased to exist. (For history prior to 1918 as well as geographic and economic information, see Bohemia ; Czech Republic ; Moravia ; Slovakia .)

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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.