Olympia, ancient city, important center of the worship of Zeus in ancient Greece, in Elis near the Alpheus (now Alfiós) R. It was the scene of the Olympic games . The great temple of Zeus was especially celebrated for its gold and ivory statue of Zeus by Phidias —one of the Seven Wonders of the World . Excavation, which revealed the great temple, also uncovered the sculpture of Hermes by Praxiteles , several other temples within the sacred enclosure (called the Altis), and the stadium.

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