Dukakis, Michael Stanley

Dukakis, Michael Stanley do͞okäk´ĭs [key], 1933–, American political leader, b. Brookline, Mass. He was a Democratic member of the Massachusetts house of representatives (1963–70) and was twice elected governor of Massachusetts (1975–79; 1983–91). As a member of the state legislature he sponsored the nation's first no-fault auto insurance bill. As governor his policies included tax amnesty and his Employment and Training Program to help welfare recipients secure paying jobs. He defeated a crowded field for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1988 and named Senator Lloyd Bentsen as his running mate. George H. W. Bush , the Republican candidate, won easily in the general election.

See C. Kenney and R. L. Turner, Dukakis (1989).

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