Denikin, Anton Ivanovich

Denikin, Anton Ivanovich əntônˈ ēväˈnəvĭch dyĭnyēˈkĭn [key], 1872–1947, Russian general. The son of a serf, he rose from the ranks. After the Bolshevik Revolution in Nov., 1917 (Oct., 1917, O.S.), he joined General Kornilov, whom he succeeded (1918) as commander of the anti-Bolshevik forces in the south. He gained control of a large part of S Russia, but failed (1919) to capture Moscow. He was driven back by the Soviet army, and his forces were demoralized. In 1920 he resigned his command to General Piotr Nikolayevich Wrangel. Denikin lived in France until 1946, when he moved to the United States, where he died.

See biography by D. V. Lehovich (1974); study by W. G. Rosenberg (1961).

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