Denikin, Anton Ivanovich əntôn´ ēvä´nəvĭch dyĭnyē´kĭn [key]
, 1872–1947, Russian general. The son of a serf, he rose from the ranks. After the Bolshevik Revolution in Nov., 1917 (Oct., 1917, O.S.), he joined General Kornilov
, whom he succeeded (1918) as commander of the anti-Bolshevik forces in the south. He gained control of a large part of S Russia, but failed (1919) to capture Moscow. He was driven back by the Soviet army, and his forces were demoralized. In 1920 he resigned his command to General Piotr Nikolayevich Wrangel
. Denikin lived in France until 1946, when he moved to the United States, where he died.
See biography by D. V. Lehovich (1974); study by W. G. Rosenberg (1961).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Russian, Soviet, and CIS History: Biographies