Roland de la Platière, Jeanne Manon Philipon

Roland de la Platière, Jeanne Manon Philipon (Mme Roland) zhän mänôN´ flēpôN´ rôläN´ də lä plätyĕr´ [key], 1754–93, French revolutionary. Imbued with classical ideals and with the philosophy of Rousseau, she made her house the intellectual center of the Girondists , and her influence on Girondist policy was great. Her husband, Jean Marie Roland de la Platière, rose to prominence in the Revolution largely as a result of her ambition and political connections. When her party fell Mme Roland was arrested; as she walked to the guillotine she cried, O Liberty, what crimes are committed in thy name!

See her letters (ed. by C. Perroud, 1900–1902); biographies by M. C. Jacquemaire (1930) and G. May (1970).

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