Cambon, Jules Martin

Cambon, Jules Martin zhül märtăNˈ käNbôNˈ [key], 1845–1935, French diplomat; brother of Pierre Paul Cambon. He served (1891–96) as governor-general of Algeria, where he pursued a conciliatory policy and was largely responsible for the decree (1896) establishing administrative autonomy for Algeria. In 1897 he was made ambassador to the United States, and he mediated the peace preliminaries of the Spanish-American War. He was ambassador at Madrid (1902–7) and at Berlin (1907–14), and from 1920 to 1922 he was chairman of the Council of Ambassadors, the group charged with overseeing the enforcement of the Treaty of Versailles (1919). His political works include The Diplomatist (tr. 1931).

See biography by G. Tabouis (tr. 1938).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2024, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: French History: Biographies