Monck, Charles Stanley, 4th Viscount [key], 1819–94, governor-general of Canada, b. Ireland. An Irish peer, he was elected (1852) to the British House of Commons as a Liberal and was (1855–58) a lord of the treasury in Lord Palmerston's government. As governor-general (1861–67) of British North America (Canada), he worked to prevent a rupture between the United States and Great Britain during the American Civil War and to bring about confederation of the Canadian provinces. Created (1866) a baron in the peerage of Great Britain, he was appointed (1867) the first governor-general of the Dominion of Canada. He resigned in 1868 and returned to Ireland, where he served (1874–92) as lord lieutenant of Dublin county.
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