LaGuardia, Fiorello Henry
With the backing of Samuel
, LaGuardia successfully ran (1933) for mayor of New York City on the Fusion ticket. As mayor he executed a vast program of reform. He reduced political corruption, forwarded the modernization and beautification of the city, brought about the adoption (1938) of a new city charter, introduced slum clearance projects, and improved health and sanitary conditions.
The Little Flower
(from his first name), a shrewd, nonpartisan, and uncorruptable spokesman for urban America, was reelected mayor of New York City for three consecutive four-year terms, but chose not to run again in 1945. LaGuardia served (1946) as director of the UN Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. His courage, enthusiasm, and energy made him a nationally known figure.
See his autobiography (ed. by M. L. Werner, 1948, repr. 1961) biography by A. Mann (2 vol., 1959–65, repr. 1969) E. Cuneo, Life with Fiorello (1955) H. Zinn, LaGuardia in Congress (1959, repr. 1969) T. Kessner, Fiorello H. LaGuardia and the Making of Modern New York (1989) A. Brodsky, The Great Mayor (2003) M. B. Williams, City of Ambition (2013).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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