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Mardonius

Mardonius märdō´nēəs [key], d. 479 BC, Persian general son-in-law of Darius I. Darius sent him (492 BC) to retaliate against Eretria and Athens for aiding the Ionians in the Persian Wars , but his fleet was lost in a storm off Mt. Athos, and a Thracian tribe destroyed a large part of his army. He helped Xerxes I plan his invasion of Greece. Xerxes returned (480 BC) to Persia after his defeat at Salamis and left Mardonius in command in Greece. Mardonius was defeated and killed at Plataea.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.