Chalcedon

Chalcedon kăl´sĭdŏn, –dən, kălsē´dən [key], ancient Greek city of Asia Minor, on the Bosporus. It was founded by Megara on the shore opposite Byzantium in 685 BC Taken by the Persians and recovered by the Greeks, it was later a possession of the kings of Bithynia, from whom it passed (AD 74) to Rome. The Council of Chalcedon was held there in AD 451. The site is in the suburbs of İstanbul.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ancient History, Greece

Browse by Subject

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.