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antipodes

antipodes [Gr.,=having feet opposite], people or places diametrically opposite on the globe. Thus antipodes must be separated by half the circumference of the earth (180°), and one must be as far north as the other is south of the equator midnight at one is noonday at the other. For example, New Amsterdam and St. Paul, small islands nearly midway between S Africa and Australia, are more nearly antipodal to Washington, D.C., than is any other land.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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