Tyutchev, Feodor Ivanovich

Tyutchev, Feodor Ivanovich fyô´dər ēvä´nəvĭch tyo͞o´chĭf [key], 1803–73, Russian lyric poet and essayist. Most of Tyutchev's adult life was spent abroad in the diplomatic service. Although he was encouraged by Nekrasov and Turgenev, his poetry, little of which was published, was not fully appreciated until the rise of symbolism. His philosophical poems express his complex view of nature. He also wrote poignant love lyrics.

See translations of his poetry by C. Tomlinson (1960) and V. Nabokov (1944, repr. 1969); his letters, ed. by J. Zeldin (tr. 1974); study by R. A. Gregg (1965).

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