Carducci, Giosuè jōzo͞oā´ kärdo͞ot´chē [key]
, 1835–1907, Italian poet and teacher. He was professor of literature at the Univ. of Bologna from 1860 to 1904. He was a scholar, an editor, an orator, a critic, and a patriot, although his defection from republicanism and his anti-Catholicism brought him into disfavor even with his students. He was awarded the 1906 Nobel Prize in Literature. Carducci ranks with the greatest Italian poets; his verse is classic in design, with a deep and wide range of emotion. His chief works include Rime
(1857), Inno a Satana
[hymn to Satan] (1865), Decennali
(1871), Nuove poesie
(1873), Odi barbare
(1877, 1882, 1889), Rime nuove
(1889, tr. New Rhymes,
1916), and Rime e ritme
See translations by G. L. Bickersteth (1913), M. Holland (1927), W. F. Smith (1939), and A. Burkhard (1947).
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