Aranguren, José Luis

Aranguren, José Luis (José Luis López-Aranguren Jimenez) hōsāˈ lo͞oēsˈ ärängo͞oˈrān [key], 1909–96, Spanish philosopher, essayist, and literary critic, b. Ávila. A professor of ethics and sociology at the Univ. of Madrid (1955–65, 1976–80), he was concerned with ethics and religion as well as the role of intellectuals in a technologically dehumanizing world. His works include La filosofía de Eugenio D'Ors [the philosophy of Eugenio D'Ors] (1945), Protestantismo y catolicismo como formas de existencia [Protestantism and Catholicism as forms of existence] (1952), La juventud europea y otros ensayos [European youth and other essays] (1961), and Human Communication (tr. 1967). His opposition to Franco's dictatorship in the 1960s led to his dismissal from his teaching post; he then taught in the United States until 1976.

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