create sensuousness through formin his canvases of rounded, massively rotund figures painted in bright decorative hues and in his sculptures (notably monumental bronzes) of similarly voluminous people and animals. Often cheerfully whimsical and sometimes satirical in approach, his work typically includes individual and family portraits, nudes, equestrian figures, bullfighting scenes, and still lifes. Beginning in the late 1990s, as drug-fueled guerrilla warfare raged in Colombia, his work became much darker (though unchanged in style) as he created paintings and drawings of the period's kidnappings, massacres, torture, and death. He has continued exploring these themes in paintings that depict the abuse of detainees at Iraq's Abu Ghraib prison.
See biography by M. Hanstein (2003); E. J. Sullivan, Botero Sculpture (1986); W. Spies, Fernando Botero: Paintings and Drawings (1992); A. and J. C. Lambert, Botero Sculptures (1998); A. M. Escallon, Botero: New Works on Canvas (2000); P. Gribaudo, Botero Women (2003).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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