modern art: Other Modes of Modern Art
A more fanciful sort of modern art was created by Jean Arp , Marcel Duchamp , and Kurt Schwitters in the irreverent manifestations of the Dada movement. Dada artists devised
ready-mades and collage objects from diverse bits of material. The movement was linked with Freudianism in the 1920s, producing the wild imagery of surrealism and verism , as seen in the paintings of Salvador Dalí , Yves Tanguy , Max Ernst , and Joan Miró . The 1920s also saw the beginning of an art of social protest by exponents of new objectivity , among them George Grosz , Otto Dix , and Max Beckmann . With the rise of fascism and the Great Depression of the 1930s, the protest increased in intensity. The Mexicans Orozco , Rivera , and Siqueiros painted murals in which the human figure was made monumental and heroic (see Mexican art and architecture ).
- The Isms of Early Twentieth-Century Art
- Modern Sculpture
- Origins of Modern Art
- Other Modes of Modern Art
- Postwar Modern Art and the Rejection of Modernism
- Geometric Abstraction
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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