Chardin, Jean-Baptiste-Siméon zhäN-bätēst´-sēmāôN´ shärdăN´ [key]
, 1699–1779, French painter. He was a major figure of 18th-century painting. While the Académie royale still advocated history painting as the noblest form of art, Chardin painted still lifes and domestic interiors. His ability to evoke textures was extraordinary, as were his muted tones, delicate touch, and unusually abstract compositional skill. His particular ability to render still-life forms naturalistically and simple genre scenes without sentimentality ensured his reputation. A number of modern schools of painting are indebted to the abstract nature of Chardin's compositions. The Louvre has many of his oils and pastel portraits, including Benediction
and Return from Market. Blowing Bubbles
and a portrait of Mme Chardin
are at the Metropolitan Museum. Other paintings are in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., and in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
See biography by P. Consibee (1985); studies by H. E. A. Furst (1907), G. Wildenstein (1963, repr. 1969), G. Weisberg and W. S. Talbot (1979), and P. Rosenberg (2000).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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