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Indiana, Robert

Indiana, Robert ĭn˝dē-ăn´ə [key], 1928–2018, American pop artist, b. New Castle, Ind., as Robert Clark. A leading figure in the pop art movement of the 1960s, he specialized in making signs in various media, inspired by billboards and posters in the American landscape. His best known image, the iconic LOVE, with two letters a line, the O atilt, was first created (1964) for a Christmas card printed by New York's Museum of Modern Art. It subsequently was the subject of many of his paintings, sculptures, and prints, and has appeared as a U.S. Valentine's Day postage stamp and in untold posters, sculptures, reproductions, and commercial adaptations.

See J. Wilmerding and J. Pissarro, Robert Indiana: The Artist and His Work 1955–2005 (2006), B. Haskell and R. P. Barilleaux, Robert Indiana: Beyond LOVE (2013), and M. Krause and J. Wilmerding, The Essential Robert Indiana (2013).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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