Jiménez, Juan Ramón hwän rämōn´ hēmā´nāth [key]
, 1881–1958, Spanish lyric poet, b. Andalusia, studied at the Univ. of Seville. In his youth Jiménez was influenced by the French symbolists; he wrote the romantic Almas de violeta
in 1900. He later turned to greater simplicity of style in Diario de un poeta recién casado
[diary of a recently married poet]. Later collections include Unidad
(1932), and Presente
(1935). During the civil war he left Spain and lived for many years in the United States, Cuba, and, finally, Puerto Rico. Jiménez wrote some 32 volumes of poetry. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1956. For English translations see Platero and I
(1956) and Three Hundred Poems, 1903–53
See studies by H. T. Young (1967) and M. Coke-Enguídanos (1982).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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