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Meaning of synecdoche

syn•ec•do•che

Pronunciation: (si-nek'du-kē), [key]
— n. Rhet.
  1. a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part, the special for the general or the general for the special, as in ten sail for ten ships or a Croesus for a rich man.
Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Copyright © 1997, by Random House, Inc., on Infoplease.
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