resonance: Meaning and Definition of


Pronunciation: (rez'u-nuns), [key]
— n.
  1. the state or quality of being resonant.
  2. the prolongation of sound by reflection; reverberation.
    1. amplification of the range of audibility of any source of speech sounds, esp. of phonation, by various couplings of the cavities of the mouth, nose, sinuses, larynx, pharynx, and upper thorax, and, to some extent, by the skeletal structure of the head and upper chest.
    2. the distribution of amplitudes among interrelated cavities in the head, chest, and throat that are characteristic for a particular speech sound and relatively independent of variations in pitch.
    1. the state of a system in which an abnormally large vibration is produced in response to an external stimulus, occurring when the frequency of the stimulus is the same, or nearly the same, as the natural vibration frequency of the system.
    2. the vibration produced in such a state.
    3. a hadron with a very short lifetime, of the order of 10−23 sec.
  3. that condition of a circuit with respect to a given frequency or the like in which the net reactance is zero and the current flow a maximum.
  4. Also calledthe condition exhibited by a molecule when the actual arrangement of its valence electrons is intermediate between two or more arrangements having nearly the same energy, and the positions of the atomic nuclei are identical.
  5. (in percussing for diagnostic purposes) a sound produced when air is present.
Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Copyright © 1997, by Random House, Inc., on Infoplease.
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