Meaning of Jewish calendar

Jew'ish cal'endar

Pronunciation: [key]
  1. the lunisolar calendar used by Jews, as for determining religious holidays, that is reckoned from 3761 b.c. and was established by Hillel II in the 4th century a.d., the calendar year consisting of 353 days354 daysor 355 daysand containing 12 months: Tishri, Heshvan, Kislev, Tevet, Shevat, Adar, Nisan, Iyar, Sivan, Tammuz, Av, and Elul, with the 29-day intercalary month of Adar Sheni added after Adar seven times in every 19-year cycle in order to adjust the calendar to the solar cycle. The Jewish ecclesiastical year begins with Nisan and the civil year with Tishri. Also calledSee table under
Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Copyright © 1997, by Random House, Inc., on Infoplease.
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