Meaning of gauge

gauge

Pronunciation: (gāj), [key]
— v., n. gauged, gaug•ing,
—v.t.
  1. to determine the exact dimensions, capacity, quantity, or force of; measure.
  2. to appraise, estimate, or judge.
  3. to make conformable to a standard.
  4. to mark or measure off; delineate.
  5. to prepare or mix (plaster) with a definite proportion of plaster of Paris and mortar.
  6. to chip or rub (bricks or stones) to a uniform size or shape.
—n.
  1. a standard of measure or measurement.
  2. a standard dimension, size, or quantity.
  3. any device or instrument for measuring, registering measurements, or testing something, esp. for measuring a dimension, quantity, or mechanical accuracy: pressure gauge; marking gauge.
  4. a means of estimating or judging; criterion; test.
  5. extent; scope; capacity: trying to determine the gauge of his own strength.
  6. a unit of measure of the internal diameter of a shotgun barrel, determined by the number of spherical lead bullets of a diameter equal to that of the bore that are required to make one pound: a twelve-gauge shotgun.
  7. the distance between the inner edges of the heads of the rails in a track, usually 4 ft. 8.5 in. (1.4 m)but sometimes moreand sometimes less
  8. the distance between a pair of wheels on an axle.
  9. the thickness or diameter of various, usually thin, objects, as the thickness of sheet metal or the diameter of a wire or screw.
  10. the fineness of a knitted fabric as expressed in loops per every 1.5 in. (3.8 cm): 15 denier, 60 gauge stockings.
  11. the position of one vessel as being to the windwardor to the leewardof another vessel on an approximately parallel course.
  12. the portion of the length of a slate, tile, etc., left exposed when laid in place.
  13. the amount of plaster of Paris mixed with mortar or common plaster to hasten the set.
Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Copyright © 1997, by Random House, Inc., on Infoplease.
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