Meaning of componential analysis

componen'tial anal'ysis

Pronunciation: [key]
— Ling. Ling.
  1. the analysis of a set of related linguistic items, esp. word meanings, into combinations of features in terms of which each item may be compared with every other, as in the analysis of man into the semantic features "male,' "mature,' and "human,' woman into "female,' "mature,' and "human,' girl into "female,' "immature,' and "human,' and bull into "male,' "mature,' and "bovine.'
Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Copyright © 1997, by Random House, Inc., on Infoplease.