According to Catholic legend, seven of the Apostles are buried at Rome. These seven are distinguished by a star (*).
ANDREW lies buried at Amalfi (Naples).
BARTHOLOMEW,* at Rome, in the church of Bartholomew Island, on the Tiber. JAMES THE GREATER was buried at St.Jago de Compostella, in Spain.
JAMES THE LESS,* at Rome, in the church of the Holy Apostles. JOHN, at Ephesus.
JUDE,* at Rome.
MATTHEW, at Salerno (Naples).
MATTHIAS,* at Rome, under the altar of the Basilica. PAUL, somewhere in Italy.
PETER,* at Rome, in the church of St. Peter.
PHILIP,* at Rome.
SIMON or SIMEON,* at Rome.
THOMAS, at Ortona (Naples). (? Madras.)
MARK THE EVANGELIST is said to have been buried at Venice. LUKE THE EVANGELIST is said to have been buried at Padua.
N.B.—Italy claims thirteen of these apostles or evangelists— Rome seven; Naples three, Paul somewhere in Italy, Mark at Venice, Luke at Padua.
Apostles of Abyssinians,
St. Frumentius. (Fourth century.) Alps,
Felix Neff. (1798–1829.) Ardennes,
St. Hubert. (656–730.) Armenians,
Gregory of Armenia. (256–331.) English,
St. Augustine. (Died 607.) St. George. Ethiopia.
(See Abyssinians.) Free Trade,
Richard Cobden. (1804–1865.) French,
St. Denis. (Third century.) Frisians,
St. Wilbrod. (657–738.) Gauls,
St. Irenæus (130–200); St. Martin. (316–397.) Génilles,
St. Paul. Germany,
St. Boniface. (680–755.) Highlanders,
St. Columb. (521–597.) Hungary,
St. Anastatius. (954–1044.) Indians (American),
Bartolomé de Las Casas (1474–1500); Rev. John Eliot. (1603–1690.) Indies (East)
, St. Francis Xavier. (1506–1552.) Infidelity,
Voltaire. (1694–1778.) Ireland,
St. Patrick. (372–493). Netherlands,
St. Armand, Bishop of Maestricht. (589–679.) North,
St. Ansgar or Anscarius (801–864); Bernard Gilpin. (1517–1583.) Picts,
St. Ninian. Scottish Reformers,
John Knox. (1505–1572.) Slavs,
St. Cyril. (Died 868.) Spain,
St.James the Greater. (Died 44.) Temperance,
Father Mathew. (1790–1856.) Yorkshire,
Paulinus, bishop of York and Rochester. (597–644). Wales,
St. David. (480–544.) The Twelve Apostles.
The last twelve names on the poll or list of ordinary degrees were so called, when the list was arranged in order of merit, and not alphabetically, as now; they were also called the Chosen Twelve
. The last of the twelve was designated St. Paul
from a play on the verse 1 Cor. xv. 9. The same term is now applied to the last twelve in the Mathematical Tripos. Apostle of the Sword.
So Mahomet was called, because he enforced his creed at the point of the sword. (570–632.)
Prince of the Apostles.
St. Peter. (Matthew xvi. 18, 19.)
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894