Founded by Mary Baker Eddy (1821?1910) in the 1860s and 1870s, Christian Science views creation as entirely spiritual. The church holds the Bible as authoritative yet interprets it in a distinct way, focusing on the life of Jesus as a model of healing by prayer, a necessary element of spiritual growth. According to the Christian Science concept of Mind-healing, physical illness and injury result from error or wrong belief and can be healed through one's own prayer or the ministrations of a Christian Science practitioner. Worship services focus on readings from the Bible and Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, Eddy's definitive textbook. Christian Science is based at the Mother Church in Boston, Massachusetts. The Christian Science Monitor, established under the direction of Eddy, has long been recognized for excellence in journalism.
See also Encyclopedia: Christian Science.