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Colombia

Facts & Figures

Map of Colombia
  • Official name: Republic of Colombia (República de Colombia)

    Land area: 401,042 sq mi (1,038,699 sq km)

    Total area: 439,736 sq mi (1,138,910 sq km)

    President: Ivan Duque (Since 2018)

    Current government officials

    Capital: Bogotá, 10.574 million (2018)

    Other large cities: Medellin 3.934 million; Cali 2.726 million; Barranquilla 2.218 million; Bucaramanga 1.295 million; Cartagena 1.047 million; Cucuta 913,000 (2018)

    Currency: Colombian Peso

    National Holiday: Independence Day (7/20)

     

    Population: 47,698,524 (2017 est.)

    Population Change: Growth rate: 0.99%; 16.1 births/1,000 population, 5.5 deaths/1,000 population, -0.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population; infant mortality rate: 13.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)

    Life Expectancy: 75.9 years (2017 est.)

     

    Nationality/Demonym: Colombian (Colombiano/a)

    Languages: Spanish (official) 99.2%

    Ethnicity/race: mestizo and white 84.2%, Afro-Colombian (includes mulatto, Raizal, and Palenquero) 10.4%, Amerindian 3.4%, Romani <.01, unspecified 2.1% (2005 Census est.)

    Religions: Roman Catholic 79%, Protestant 14% (includes Pentecostal 6%, mainline Protestant 2%, other 6%), other 2%, unspecified 5% (2014 est.)

    Literacy rate: 94.2% (2015 est.)

     

    Major sources and definitions

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