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Canada

Facts & Figures

Map of Canada
  • Official name: Canada

    Land area: 3,511,003 sq mi (9,093,507 sq km)

    Total area: 3,855,102 sq mi (9,984,670 sq km)

    Prime Minister: Justin Trudeau (Since 2015)

    See also: Canadian Prime Ministers Since 1867

    Governor-General: Julie Payette (Since 2017)

    See also: Canadian Governors-General Since 1867

    Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II (Since 1952)

    Current government officials

    Capital: Ottawa, Ontario, 1.208 million (2011 est.)

    Other large cities: Toronto 5.573 million; Montreal 3.856 million; Vancouver 2.267 million; Calgary 1.216 million; Edmonton 1.142 million (2011 est.)

    Currency: Canadian Dollar

    National Holiday: Canada Day (7/1)

    See also: Canada Day and other Canadian holidays

     

    Population: 36,290,000 (2016 est.)

    See also: Population by Provinces and Territories

    Population Change: Growth rate: 0.76%; 10.29 births/1,000 population; infant mortality rate: 4.71 deaths/1,000 live births;

    Life Expectancy: 81.67 years

     

    Nationality/Demonym: Canadian

    Languages: English (official) 58.7%, French (official) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5% (2011 est.)

    Ethnicity/race: Canadian 32.2%, English 19.8%, French 15.5%, Scottish 14.4%, Irish 13.8%, German 9.8%, Italian 4.5%, Chinese 4.5%, North American Indian 4.2%, other 50.9%

    note: percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin (2011 est.)

    Religions: Catholic 40.6% (includes Roman Catholic 38.8%, Orthodox 1.6%, other Catholic .2%), Protestant 20.3% (includes United Church 6.1%, Anglican 5%, Baptist 1.9%, Lutheran 1.5%, Pentecostal 1.5%, Presbyterian 1.4%, other Protestant 2.9%), other Christian 6.3%, Muslim 3.2%, Hindu 1.5%, Sikh 1.4%, Buddhist 1.1%, Jewish 1%, other 0.6%, none 23.9% (2011 est.)

    Literacy rate: 99% (2011 est.)

     

    Major sources and definitions

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