Yemen | Facts & Information
Facts & Figures
President: Abdel Rabbo Mansour Hadi (2012)
Prime Minister: Khaled Bahah (2014)
Total area: 203,849 sq mi (527,969 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 26,052,966 (growth rate: 2.72%); birth rate: 31.02/1000; infant mortality rate: 50.41/1000; life expectancy: 64.83; density per sq mi: 115.7
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Sanaá, 2.419 million
Other large cities: Aden, 784,000; Tiaz, 596,672; Hodiedah, 548,433
Monetary unit: Rial
Republic of Yemen
National name: Al-Jumhuriyah al-Yamaniyah
Ethnicity/race: predominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans
Religions: Islam 99.1% (official; virtually all are citizens, an estimated 65% are Sunni and 35% are Shia), other 0.9% (includes Jewish, Baha'i, Hindu, and Christian; many are refugees or temporary foreign residents) (2010 est.)
Literacy rate: 65.3% (2011 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $61.63 billion; per capita $2,500. Real growth rate: 3.8%. Inflation: 11.8%. Unemployment: 35% (2003 est.). Arable land: 2.2%. Agriculture: grain, fruits, vegetables, pulses, qat, coffee, cotton; dairy products, livestock (sheep, goats, cattle, camels), poultry; fish. Labor force: 7.1 million (2013 est.); most people are employed in agriculture and herding; services, construction, industry, and commerce account for less than one-fourth of the labor force. Industries: crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles, leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; aluminum products; cement; commercial ship repair; natural gas production. Natural resources: petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble, small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, copper, fertile soil in west. Exports: $6.694 billion (2013 est.): crude oil, coffee, dried and salted fish, liquefied natural gas. Imports: $10.97 billion (2013 est.): food and live animals, machinery and equipment, chemicals. Major trading partners: Thailand, China, UAE, India, South Korea, Switzerland, EU (2013).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.1 million (2012); mobile cellular: 13.9 million (2012). Radio broadcast stations: state-run TV with 2 stations; state-run radio with 2 national radio stations and 5 local stations; stations from Oman and Saudi Arabia can be accessed (2007). Radios: 1.05 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 7 (plus several low-power repeaters) (1997). Televisions: 470,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 33,206 (2012). Internet users: 2.349 million (2009).
Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 71,300 km ; paved: 6,200 km; unpaved: 65,100 km (2005 est.). Ports and harbors: Aden, Al Hudaydah, Al Mukalla, As Salif, Ras Issa, Mocha, Nishtun. Airports: 57 (2013).
International disputes: Saudi Arabia has reinforced its concrete-filled security barrier along sections of the fully demarcated border with Yemen to stem illegal cross-border activities