Morocco | Facts & Information
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Facts & Figures
Ruler: King Muhammed VI (1999)
Prime Minister: Aziz Akhannouch (2021)
Land area: 276,564 sq mi (716,300 sq km); total area: 276,661 sq mi (716,550 sq km)
Population (2022 est. and includes Western Sahara): 36,738,229 (growth rate: .91%); birth rate: 17.42/1000; infant mortality rate: 19.2/1000; life expectancy: 73.68; density per sq km: 76
Capital (2017 est.): Rabat, 1,932,000
Largest cities: Casablanca, 3,840,000; Fez, 1,267,000; Marrakech, 1,033,000
Monetary unit: Dirham
National name: al-Mamlaka al-Maghrebia
Languages: Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often used for business, government, and diplomacy
Ethnicity/race: Arab-Berber 99%, Other 1%
Religions: Muslim 99% (official; virtually all Sunni, <0.1% Shia), other 1% (includes Christian, Jewish, and Baha'i); note - Jewish about 3,000-3,500 (2020 est.)
National Holiday: Throne Day, July 30
Literacy rate: 73.8% (2018 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2020 est.): $259.42 billion; per capita $6,900. Real growth rate: 2.5%. Inflation: .2%. Unemployment: 9.23%. Arable land: 17.5%. Agriculture: barley, wheat, citrus, wine, vegetables, olives; livestock. Labor force: 10.399 million; agriculture 39.1%, services 40.5%, industry 20.3% (2014 est.). Industries: phosphate rock mining and processing, food processing, leather goods, textiles, construction, tourism. Natural resources: phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt. Exports: $37.52 billion (2020 est.): clothing, fish, inorganic chemicals, transistors, crude minerals, fertilizers (including phosphates), petroleum products, fruits, vegetables. Imports: $46.26 billion (2020 est.): crude petroleum, textile fabric, telecommunications equipment, wheat, gas and electricity, transistors, plastics. Major trading partners: France, Spain, UK, Italy, India, Germany, Russia, Saudi Arabia, China (2020).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 2,357,286 (2020); mobile cellular: 49,421,023 (2020). Radio broadcast stations: AM 27, FM 25, shortwave 6 (2020). Radios: 6.64 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 35 (plus 66 repeaters) (1995). Televisions: 3.1 million (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2,102,434 (2020). Internet users: 31,004,869 (2020).
Transportation: Railways: total: 2,067 km (2014). Highways: total: 57,300 km; paved: 32,716 km (includes 507 km of expressways); unpaved: 24,777 km (2020). Ports and harbors: Agadir, El Jadida, Casablanca, El Jorf Lasfar, Kenitra, Mohammedia, Nador, Rabat, Safi, Tangier; also Spanish-controlled Ceuta and Melilla. Airports: 62 (2021).
International disputes: claims and administers Western Sahara, but sovereignty remains unresolved - UN-administered cease-fire has remained in effect since September 1991, but attempts to hold a referendum have failed and parties thus far have rejected other proposals; Morocco protests Spain's control over the coastal enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera, the islands of Penon de Alhucemas and Islas Chafarinas, and surrounding waters; Morocco also rejected Spain's unilateral designation of a median line from the Canary Islands in 2002 to set limits to undersea resource exploration and refugee interdiction; Morocco allowed Spanish fishermen to fish temporarily off the coast of Western Sahara after an oil spill soiled Spanish fishing grounds.