Bosnia and Herzegovina | Facts & Information
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Facts & Figures
Chairman of the Presidency: Sefik Dzaferovic (Bosniak, 2022)
Members of the Presidency: Zeljko Komsic (Croat, 2018), Milorad Dodik (Serb, 2018)
Prime Minister: Zoran Tegeltija (2019)
Total area: 19,767 sq mi (51,197 sq km)
Population (2022 est.): 3,816,459 (growth rate: -0.22%); birth rate: 8.41/1000; infant mortality rate: 5.21/1000; life expectancy: 77.98
Capital and largest city (2022 est) Sarajevo, 344,000
Monetary unit: Marka
National name: Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Languages: Bosnian (official) 52.9%, Serbian (official) 30.8%, Croatian (official) 14.6%, other 1.6%, no answer 0.2% (2013 est.)
Ethnicity/race: Bosniak 50.1%, Serb 30.8%, Croat 15.4%, other 2.7%, not declared/no answer 1% (2013 est.)
Religion: Muslim 50.7%, Orthodox 30.7%, Roman Catholic 15.2%, atheist 0.8%, agnostic 0.3%, other 1.2%, undeclared/no answer 1.1% (2013 est.)
National Holiday: Independence Day, March 1
Literacy rate: 98.5% (2015 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2020 est.): $47.05 billion; per capita $14,300. Real growth rate: 3% (2017 est.). Inflation: 1.2% (2017 est.). Unemployment: 33.28% (2019 est.). Arable land: 19.7%. Agriculture: maize, milk, vegetables, potatoes, wheat, plums/sloes, apples, barley, cabbages, poultry. Labor force: 806,000; agriculture 18%, industry 30.4%, services 51.7%. Natural resources: coal, iron ore, antimony, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand, timber, hydropower. Industries: steel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, aluminum, motor vehicle assembly, textiles, tobacco products, wooden furniture, ammunition, domestic appliances, oil refining. Exports: $6.81 billion (2020): electricity, seating, leather shoes, furniture, insulated wiring. Major trading partners (exports): Germany 14%, Italy 12%, Croatia 11%, Serbia 11%, Austria 9%, Slovenia 8% (2019). Imports: $9.71 billion (2020): refined petroleum, cars, packaged medicines, coal, electricity. Major trading partners (imports): Croatia 15%, Serbia 13%, Germany 10%, Italy 9%, Slovenia 7%, China 6% (2019).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 706,135 (2020); mobile cellular: 3,509,674 (2020). Radio broadcast stations: 3 public TV broadcasters: Radio and TV of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Federation TV (operating 2 networks), and Republika Srpska Radio-TV; a local commercial network of 5 TV stations; 3 private, near-national TV stations and dozens of small independent TV broadcasting stations; 3 large public radio broadcasters and many private radio stations (2019). Internet users: 2,394,995 (2020).
Transportation: Highways: total: 22,926 km; (2010). Waterways: 990 km (2022) (Sava River on northern border; open to shipping but use limited). Ports and harbors: Bosanska Gradiska, Bosanski Brod, Bosanski Samac, Brcko, Orasje (Sava River). Airports: 24 (2021).
International disputes: Issues with Serbia regarding sections of the Drina River and the boundaries of Bosnia and Herzegovina.