Glossary of Chemical Terms - M
- Name given to a very large, and in most cases biologically important molecule.Molar mass certain to be in the thousands of grams, at least.
- Device used for measuring small pressures.
- Anything that has mass and takes up space.
- Curved surface of a liquid in a container.
- A chemical product of metabolism.
- An element that tends to lose electrons, forming positive ions, and is a good electrical conductor.
- An element with properties intermediate between metals and non-metals.
- A mass of stone or metal that has reached the earth from outer space.
- Unit of length in the metric system, slightly longer than 1 yard or 36 inches.
- "Methane (CH4) producing"; methanogenic bacteria use hydrogen and carbon dioxide as energy sources and produce methane and water as a result.
- Having a methyl group (CH3).
- Approximately 1x10-6 moles/liter.
- Seeing the situation at the particle level: atoms, molecules, or ions.
- A membrane-bound organelle that carries out oxidative phosphorylation and produces most of the ATP in eucaryotic cells.
- A grouping together of two or more substances in which each retains its original properties.
- The molal concentration, moles of solute per kilogram of solvent, usually given the symbol m.
- The number of moles of solute per liter of aqueous solution.
- The amount of substance that contains the same number of elementary particles as are found in exactly 12 g of carbon-12.
- The smallest unit of a compound that has all the properties of the compound.
- A molecule or substance which can be polymerized, usually of low molar mass.
- An enzyme catalyzing the incorporation of one atom from molecular oxygen into a compound and the reduction of the other atom of oxygen to water.
- A simple sugar most commonly having 5 or 6 carbon atoms present which cannot be hydrolyzed to simpler sugars.
Glossary created by David Shaw (Madison Area Technical College) for The Chemistry Place.
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