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Holy Roman Empire: Emperors

Updated February 28, 2017 | Infoplease Staff
  • Charlemagne (Charles I), emperor of the West (800?814), Carolingian king of the Franks (768?814)
  • Charles II, emperor of the West (875?77) and king of the West Franks (843?77)
  • Otto I, Holy Roman emperor (962?73) and German king (936?73)
  • Otto II, Holy Roman emperor (973?83) and German king (961?83)
  • Otto III, Holy Roman emperor (996?1002) and German king (983?1002)
  • Henry II, Holy Roman emperor (1014?24) and German king (1002?24), last of the Saxon line
  • Conrad II, Holy Roman emperor (1027?39) and German king (1024?39), first of the Salian dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire
  • Henry III, Holy Roman emperor (1046?56) and German king (1039?56)
  • Henry IV, Holy Roman emperor (1084?1105) and German king (1056?1105)
  • Henry V, Holy Roman emperor (1111?25) and German king (1105?25)
  • Lothair II, also called Lothair III, Holy Roman emperor (1133?37) and German king (1125?37)
  • Frederick I, Holy Roman emperor (1155?90) and German king (1152?90)
  • Henry VI, Holy Roman emperor (1191?97) and German king (1190?97)
  • Constance, Holy Roman empress, wife of Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI
  • Otto IV, Holy Roman emperor (1209?15) and German king (1208?15)
  • Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor (1220?50) and German king (1212?20), king of Sicily (1197?1250), and king of Jerusalem (1229?50)
  • Henry VII, Holy Roman emperor (1312?13) and German king (1308?13)
  • Louis IV, Holy Roman emperor (1328?47) and German king (1314?47), duke of Upper Bavaria
  • Charles IV, Holy Roman emperor (1355?78), German king (1347?78), and king of Bohemia (1346?78)
  • Wenceslaus, Holy Roman emperor (uncrowned) and German king (1378?1400), king of Bohemia (1378?1419) as Wenceslaus IV, elector of Brandenburg (1373?76)
  • Sigismund, Holy Roman emperor (1433?37), German king (1410?37), king of Hungary (1387?1437) and of Bohemia (1419?37), elector of Brandenburg (1376?1415)
  • Frederick III, Holy Roman emperor (1452?93) and German king (1440?93)
  • Maximilian I, Holy Roman emperor and German king (1493?1519)
  • Charles V, Holy Roman emperor (1519?58) and, as Charles I, king of Spain (1516?56)
  • Ferdinand I, Holy Roman emperor (1558?64), king of Bohemia (1526?64) and of Hungary (1526?64)
  • Maximilian II, Holy Roman emperor (1564?76), king of Bohemia (1562?76) and of Hungary (1563?76)
  • Rudolf II, Holy Roman emperor (1576?1612), king of Bohemia (1575?1611) and of Hungary (1572?1608)
  • Matthias, Holy Roman emperor (1612?19), king of Bohemia (1611?17) and of Hungary (1608?18)
  • Ferdinand II, Holy Roman emperor (1619?37), king of Bohemia (1617?37) and of Hungary (1618?37)
  • Ferdinand III, Holy Roman emperor (1637?57), king of Hungary (1626?57) and of Bohemia (1627?57)
  • Leopold I, Holy Roman emperor (1658?1705), king of Bohemia (1656?1705) and of Hungary (1655?1705)
  • Joseph I, Holy Roman emperor (1705?11), king of Hungary (1687?1711) and of Bohemia (1705?11)
  • Charles VI, Holy Roman emperor (1711?40), king of Bohemia (1711?40) and, as Charles III, king of Hungary (1712?40)
  • Charles VII, Holy Roman emperor (1742?45) and, as Charles Albert, elector of Bavaria (1726?45)
  • Francis I, Holy Roman emperor (1745?65), duke of Lorraine (1729?37) as Francis Stephen, grand duke of Tuscany (1737?65)
  • Joseph II, Holy Roman emperor (1765?90), king of Bohemia and Hungary (1780?90)
  • Leopold II, Holy Roman emperor (1790?92), king of Bohemia and Hungary (1790?92), as Leopold I grand duke of Tuscany (1765?90)
  • Francis II, last Holy Roman emperor (1792?1806), first emperor of Austria as Francis I (1804?35), king of Bohemia and of Hungary (1792?1835)

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