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Leaders of South America

Updated February 28, 2017 | Infoplease Staff

Argentina

  • Juan Facundo Quiroga, Argentine caudillo (1790?1835)
  • Juan Martn de Pueyrredn, Argentine general, supreme director of the United Provinces of La Plata (1816?19)
  • Bernardino Rivadavia, Argentine statesman and diplomat, first president of the United Provinces of La Plata (1826?27)
  • Juan Manuel de Rosas, Argentine dictator, governor of Buenos Aires province (1829?32, 1835?52)
  • Justo Jos de Urquiza, Argentine general and politician, president of the confederation (1854?60)
  • Bartolom Mitre Argentine statesman, general, and author, president of the republic (1862?68)
  • Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Argentine statesman, educator, and author, president of the republic (1868?74)
  • Nicols Avellaneda, Argentine statesman, president of the republic (1874?80)
  • Julio Argentino Roca, general, president of Argentina (1880?86, 1898?1904)
  • Miguel Jurez Celman, president of Argentina (1886?90)
  • Manuel A. Quintana, president of Argentina (1904?06)
  • Jos Figueroa Alcorta, president of Argentina (1906?10)
  • Roque Senz Pea, Argentine statesman, president of the republic (1910?14)
  • Victorino de la Plaza, president of Argentina (1914?16)
  • Hiplito Irigoyen, Argentine political leader, president of the republic (1916?22, 1928?30)
  • Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear, Argentine statesman and diplomat, president of the republic (1922?28)
  • Jos Flix Uriburu, president of Argentina (1930?32)
  • Agustn Pedro Justo, president of Argentina (1932?38)
  • Roberto M. Ortiz, president of Argentina (1938?42)
  • Ramn S. Castillo, president of Argentina (1940?43)
  • Arturo Rawson Corvaln, president of the Provisional Government (1943)
  • Pedro Pablo Ramrez Machuca, president of the Provisional Government (1943?44)
  • Edelmiro J. Farrell, president of Argentina (1944?46)
  • Juan Domingo Pern, president of Argentina (1946?55, 1973?74)
  • Jos Domingo Molina Gmez, Argentine chairman of military junta (1955)
  • Eduardo A. Lonardi, provisional president of Argentina (1955)
  • Pedro Eugenio Aramburu, president of Argentina (1955?58)
  • Arturo Frondizi, president of Argentina (1958?62)
  • Jos Mara Guido, acting president of Argentina (1962?63)
  • Arturo Illia, president of Argentina (1963?66)
  • Revolutionary Junta: Pascual ngel Pistarini Ludena, Benigno Ignacio Marcelino Varela Barnadou, Adolfo Teodoro lvarez Melendi (1966)
  • Juan Carlos Ongana, president of Argentina (1966?70)
  • Pedro Alberto Jos Gnavi, Argentine chairman Junta of Commanders (1970)
  • Roberto Marcelo Levingston, president of Argentina (1970?71)
  • Alejandro Agustn Lanusse, president of Argentina (1971?73)
  • Hctor Jos Cmpora, president of Argentina (1973)
  • Isabel Pern, president of Argentina (1974?76)
  • Military junta: Jorge Rafael Videla, Emilio Eduardo Massera, Orlando Ramn Agosti (1976)
  • Jorge Rafael Videla, president of Argentina (1976?81)
  • Roberto Eduardo Viola, president of Argentina (1981)
  • Carlos Alberto Lacoste, acting president of Argentina (1981)
  • Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri, Argentine general, president of Argentina (1981?82)
  • Alfredo scar Saint Jean, acting president of Argentina (1982)
  • Reynaldo Bignone, president of Argentina (1982?83)
  • Ral Alfonsn, president of Argentina (1983?89)
  • Carlos Saul Menem, president of Argentina (1989?1999)
  • Fernando de la Ra, president of Argentina (1999?2001)
  • Adolfo Rodrguez Sa, president of Argentina (2001?2002)
  • Eduardo Duhalde, president of Argentina (2002?2003)
  • Nstor Kirchner, president of Argentina (2003?2007)
  • Cristina Fernndez de Kirchner, president of Argentina (2007?2015)
  • Mauricio Macri (2015?)

Brazil

  • Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil, Bragana dynasty (1822?31)
  • Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil, Bragana dynasty (1831?89)
  • Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca, president of Brazil (1889?91)
  • Floriano Peixoto, acting president of Brazil (1891?94)
  • Manuel Ferraz de Campos Sales, president of Brazil (1898?1902)
  • Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, president of Brazil (1902?06)
  • Afonso Augusto Moreira Pena, president of Brazil (1906?09)
  • Nilo Peanha, president of Brazil (1909?10)
  • Venceslau Brs Pereira Gomes, president of Brazil (1914?18)
  • Delfim Moreira, acting president of Brazil (1918?19)
  • Epitcio da Silva Pessoa, president of Brazil (1919?22)
  • Artur da Silva Bernardes, president of Brazil (1922?26)
  • Washington Lus Pereira de Sousa, president of Brazil (1926?30)
  • Augusto Tasso Fragoso, chairman Government Junta (1930)
  • Getlio Vargas, pesident of Brazil (1930?45, 1951?54)
  • Jos Linhares, president of Brazil (1945?46)
  • Eurico Gaspar Dutra, president of Brazil (1946?51)
  • Joo Caf Filho, president of Brazil (1954?56)
  • Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira, president of Brazil (1956?61)
  • Jnio da Silva Quadros, president of Brazil (1961)
  • Joo Belchior Marques Goulart, president of Brazil (1961?64)
  • Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco, president of Brazil (1964?67)
  • Artur da Costa e Silva, president of Brazil (1967?69)
  • Military junta: Augusto Hamann Rademaker Grnewald, Aurlio de Lyra Tavares, Mrcio de Souza e Mello (1969)
  • Emlio Garrastaz Mdici, president of Brazil (1969?74)
  • Ernesto Geisel, president of Brazil (1974?79)
  • Joo Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo, president of Brazil (1979?85)
  • Jos Sarney, president of Brazil (1985?90)
  • Fernando Collor de Mello, president of Brazil (1990?92)
  • Itamar Franco, acting for Collor (1992?95)
  • Fernando Henrique Cardoso, president of Brazil (1995?2003)
  • Luiz Incio Lula da Silva, president of Brazil (2003?2010)
  • Dilma Rousseff, president of Brazil (2011?2016)
  • Michel Temer, president of Brazil (2016- )

Chile

  • Bernardo O'Higgins, supreme director of Chile (1818?23)
  • Manuel Bulnes, president of Chile (1841?51)
  • Manuel Montt, president of Chile (1851?61)
  • Domingo Santa Mara, president of Chile (1881?86)
  • Jos Manuel Balmaceda, president of Chile (1886?91)
  • Jorge Montt, president of Chile (1891?96)
  • Federico Errzuriz Echaurren, president of Chile (1896?01)
  • Anbal Zaartu Zaartu, acting president of Chile (1901)
  • Germn Riesco, president of Chile (1901?06)
  • Pedro Montt, president of Chile (1906?10)
  • Elas Fernndez Albano, acting president of Chile (1910)
  • Emiliano Figueroa Larran, president of Chile (1910)
  • Ramn Barros Luco, president of Chile (1910?15)
  • Juan Luis Sanfuentes, president of Chile (1915?20)
  • Arturo Alessandri Palma, president of Chile (1920?24)
  • Luis Altamirano Talavera, Chilean junta chairman (1924?25)
  • Pedro Pablo Dartnell Encina, Chilean junta chairman (1925)
  • Arturo Alessandri Palma, president of Chile (1925)
  • Luis Barros Borgoo, acting, president of Chile (1925)
  • Emiliano Figueroa Larran, president of Chile (1925?27)
  • Carlos Ibez del Campo, president of Chile (1927?31, 1952?58)
  • Juan Esteban Montero Rodrguez, president of Chile (1931?32)
  • Arturo Puga Osorio, chairman Junta of the Socialist Republic of Chile (1932)
  • Carlos Gregorio Dvila Espinosa, chairman Junta of the Socialist Republic of Chile, provisional president of the Socialist Republic of Chile (1932)
  • Bartolom Blanche Espejo, provisional president of Chile (1932)
  • Abraham Oyanedel Urrutia, acting president of Chile (1932)
  • Arturo Alessandri Palma, president of Chile (1932?38)
  • Pedro Aguirre Cerda, president of Chile (1938?41)
  • Jernimo Mndez Arancibia, acting president of Chile (1941?42)
  • Juan Antonio Ros Morales, president of Chile (1942?46)
  • Alfredo Duhalde Vsquez, acting president of Chile (1946)
  • Vicente Merino Bielich, acting president of Chile (1946)
  • Juan Antonio Iribarren Cabezas, acting president of Chile (1946)
  • Gabriel Gonzlez Videla, president of Chile (1946?52)
  • Jorge Alessandri Rodrguez, president of Chile (1958?64)
  • Eduardo Frei Montalva, president of Chile (1964?70)
  • Salvador Allende, president of Chile (1970?73)
  • Augusto Pinochet Ugarte, Junta leader (1973?74), president of Chile (1974?90)
  • Jos Toribio Merino Castro, Junta leader (1973?74)
  • Csar Mendoza Durn, Junta leader (1973?74)
  • Gustavo Leigh Guzmn, Junta leader (1973?74)
  • Patricio Aylwin Azcar, president of Chile (1990?94)
  • Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle, president of Chile (1994?2000)
  • Ricardo Lagos Escobar, president of Chile (2000?2006)
  • Michelle Bachelet Jeria, president of Chile (2006?2010)
  • Sebastin Piera Echenique, president of Chile (2010?2014)
  • Michelle Bachelet Jeria, president of Chile (2014? )

Peru

  • Eduardo Lpez de Romaa, president of Peru (1899?03)
  • Manuel Candamo, president of Peru (1903?04)
  • Serapio Caldern, acting president of Peru (1904)
  • Jos Pardo y Barreda, president of Peru (1904?08)
  • Augusto B. Legua y Salcedo, president of Peru (1908?12; 1919?30)
  • Guillermo E. Billinghurst, president of Peru (1912?14)
  • scar Raymundo Benavides Larrea, president of Peru (1914?15)
  • Jos Pardo y Barreda, president of Peru (1915?19)
  • Manuel Mara Ponce Brousset, Peruvian chairman military junta (1930)
  • Luis M. Snchez Cerro, president of Preu (1930?31)
  • Mariano Holgun Maldonado, Peruvian chairman Transitional Junta (1931)
  • Ricardo Leoncio Elas Arias, Peruvian chairman Transitional Junta (1931)
  • Gustavo A. Jimnez, Peruvian chairman Transitional Junta (1931)
  • David Samanez Ocampo y Sobrino, Peruvian chairman National Junta (1931)
  • Luis M. Snchez Cerro, president of Peru (1931?33)
  • scar Raymundo Benavides Larrea, president of Peru (1933?39)
  • Manuel Prado y Ugarteche, president of Peru (1939?45, 1956?62)
  • Jos Luis Bustamante y Rivero, president of Peru (1945?48)
  • Manuel Apolinario Odra Amoretti, president of Peru (1948?50; 1950?56)
  • Zenn Noriega Agero, Peruvian chairman military junta (1950)
  • Ricardo Po Prez Godoy, Peruvian junta chairman (1962?63)
  • Nicols Lindley Lpez, Peruvian junta chairman (1963)
  • Fernando Belande Terry, president of Peru (1963?68, 1980?85)
  • Juan Velasco Alvarado, president of Peru (1968?75)
  • Francisco Morales Bermdez, president of Peru (1975?80)
  • Alan Garca Prez , president of Peru (1985?90)
  • Alberto Fujimori, president of Peru (1990?2000)
  • Valentn Paniagua, president of Peru (2000?2001)
  • Alejandro Toledo, president of Peru (2001?2006)
  • Alan Garca Prez, president of Peru (2006?2011)
  • Ollanta Humala, president of Peru (2011?2016)
  • Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, president of Peru (2016- )

Uruguay

  • Juan Lindolfo Cuestas, president of Uruguay (1897?99, 1899?1903)
  • Jos Batlle y Ordez, president of Uruguay (1903?07, 1911?15)
  • Claudio Wlliman, president of Uruguay (1907?11)
  • Feliciano Viera, president of Uruguay (1915?19)
  • Baltasar Brum, president of Uruguay (1919?23)
  • Jos Serrato, president of Uruguay (1923?27)
  • Juan Campisteguy, president of Uruguay (1927?31)
  • Gabriel Terra, president of Uruguay (1931?38)
  • Alfredo Baldomir, president of Uruguay (1938?43)
  • Juan Jos de Amzaga, president of Uruguay (1943?47)
  • Toms Berreta, president of Uruguay (1947)
  • Luis Batlle Berres, president of Uruguay (1947?51)
  • Andrs Martnez Trueba, president of Uruguay (1951?52)
  • Andrs Martnez Trueba, president of the National Council (1952?55)
  • Luis Batlle Berres, president of the National Council (1955?56)
  • Alberto Fermn Zubira, president of the National Council (1957?57)
  • Arturo Lezama, president of the National Council (1957?58)
  • Carlos L. Fischer, president of the National Council (1958?59)
  • Martn R. Echegoyen, president of the National Council (1959?60)
  • Benito Nardone, president of the National Council (1960?61)
  • Eduardo Vctor Haedo, president of the National Council (1961?62)
  • Faustino Harrison, president of the National Council (1962?63)
  • Daniel Fernndez Crespo, president of the National Council (1963?64)
  • Luis Giannattasio, president of the National Council (1964?65)
  • Wshington Beltrn, president of the National Council (1965?66)
  • Alberto Hber Usher, president of the National Council (1966?67)
  • scar Diego Gestido, president of Uruguay (1967)
  • Jorge Pacheco Areco, president of Uruguay (1967?72)
  • Juan Mara Bordaberry Arocena, president of Uruguay (1972?76)
  • Alberto Demicheli, acting president of Uruguay (1976)
  • Aparicio Mndez, president of Uruguay (1976?81)
  • Gregorio Conrado lvarez Armelino, president of Uruguay (1981?85)
  • Rafael Addiego Bruno, acting president of Uruguay (1985)
  • Julio Mara Sanguinetti Cairolo, president of Uruguay (1985?90)
  • Luis Alberto Lacalle, president of Uruguay (1990?95)
  • Julio Mara Sanguinetti Cairolo, president of Uruguay (1995?2000)
  • Jorge Batlle, president of Uruguay (2000?2005)
  • Tabar Vzquez, president of Uruguay (2005?2010)
  • Jos Mujica, president of Uruguay (2010?2015)
  • Tabar Vzquez, president of Uruguay (2015? )

Venezuela

  • Francisco Antonio Zea, acting president of Venezuela (1819)
  • Simn Bolvar, president of Venezuela (1819)
  • Jos Antonio Pez, president of Venezuela (1830?1835, 1839?1843, 1861?1863)
  • Andrs Narvarte, acting president of Venezuela (1835, 1836?1837)
  • Jos Mara Vargas, president of Venezuela (1835, 1935?1936)
  • Pedro Briceo, president of provisional government (1835)
  • Santiago Mario, Superior Chief of State (1835)
  • Jos Mara Carreo, acting president of Venezuela (1835, 1937)
  • Carlos Soublette, acting president of Venezuela (1837?1839, 1843?1847)
  • Santos Michelena, acting president of Venezuela (1843)
  • Diego Bautista Urbaneja, acting president of Venezuela (1847)
  • Jos Tadeo Monagas, president of Venezuela (1847?1851)
  • Antonio Leocadio Guzmn, acting president of Venezuela (1851)
  • Jos Gregorio Monaga president of Venezuela (1851?1855, 1855?1858)
  • Joaqun Herrera, acting president of Venezuela (1855)
  • Pedro Gual, president of provisional government (1858), acting president (1859, 1861)
  • Julin Castro, president of Venezuela (1858?1859)
  • Juan Crisstomo Falcn (1859, 1865?1868), president of provisional government (1863?1865)
  • Manuel Felipe de Tovar, acting president of Venezuela (1859?1861)
  • Antonio Guzmn Blanco, president of Venezuela (1863, 1865, 1870?1877, 1879?1874, 1886?1888), supreme director (1879)
  • Guillermo Tell Villegas, president of Venezuela (1868?1869, 1892)
  • Jos Ruperto Monagas, acting president of Venezuela (1869?1870)
  • Juan Vicente Gonzlez, acting president of Venezuela (1870)
  • Esteban Palacios, acting president of Venezuela (1870)
  • Jacinto Gutirrez Martnez, acting president of Venezuela (1877, 1878?1879)
  • Francisco Linares Alcntara, president of Venezuela (1877?1878)
  • Jos Gregorio Valera, acting president of Venezuela (1879)
  • Gregorio Cedeo, president of Venezuela (1879)
  • Jos Rafael Pacheco, president of Venezuela (1879)
  • Joaqun Crespo, president of Venezuela (1884?1886, 1892?1894, 1894?1898)
  • Manuel Antonio Diez, acting president of Venezuela (1886)
  • Juan Pablo Rojas Pal, president of Venezuela (1880?1890)
  • Raimundo Andueza Palacio, president of Venezuela (1990?1892)
  • Manuel Guzmn lvarez, acting president of Venezuela (1894, 1898)
  • Ignacio Andrade, president of Venezuela (1898?1899)
  • Vctor Rodrguez Prraga, acting president of Venezuela (1899)
  • Cipriano Castro, president of Venezuela (1899?1909)
  • Juan Vicente Gmez, president of Venezuela (1909?1910, 1910?1914, 1922?1929, 1931?1935)
  • Emilio Constantino Guerrero, acting president of Venezuela (1910)
  • Jess Ramn Ayala, acting president of Venezuela (1910)
  • Victorino Mrquez Bustillos, president of provisional government (1914?1922)
  • Juan Bautista Prez, president of Venezuela (1929?1931)
  • Pedro Itriago Chacn, acting president of Venezuela (1931)
  • Eleazar Lpez Contreras, president of Venezuela (1935?1936, 1936?1941)
  • Arminio Borjas, acting president of Venezuela (1936)
  • Isaas Medina Angarita, president of Venezuela (1941?1945)
  • Rmulo Betancourt, chairman revolutionary junta (1945?1948), president of Venezuela (1959?1964)
  • Rmulo Gallegos, president of Venezuela (1948)
  • Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, chairman, military junta (1948?1950)
  • German Surez Flamerich, chairman, military junta (1950?1952)
  • Marcos Prez Jimnez, president of Venezuela (1952?1958)
  • Wolfgang Larrazbal, chairman, government junta (1958)
  • Edgar Sanabria Arcia, chairman, government junta (1958?1959)
  • Ral Leoni, president of Venezuela (1964?1969)
  • Rafael Caldera, president of Venezuela (1969?1974, 1994?1999)
  • Carlos Andrs Prez, president of Venezuela (1974?1979, 1989?1993)
  • Luis Herrera Campins, president of Venezuela (1979?1984)
  • Jaime Lusinchi, president of Venezuela (1984?1989)
  • Octavio Lepage, acting president of Venezuela (1993)
  • Ramn Jos Velsquez, interim president of Venezuela (1993?1994)
  • Hugo Chvez, president of Venezuela (1999?2013)
  • Nicols Maduro, president of Venezuela (2013? )

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