2011 Nobel Prize Winners
Below find the winners of the 2011 Nobel Prizes, including prizes for Peace, Physics, Medicine, Chemistry, Literature, and Economics.
Jointly to Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (Liberia), Leymah Gbowee (Liberia), and Tawakkul Karman (Yemen) "for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work."
- Physiology or Medicine
One-half jointly to Bruce A. Beutler (U.S.) and Jules A. Hoffmann (Luxembourg) "for their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity"; and one-half to Ralph M. Steinman (Canada) "for his discovery of the dendritic cell and its role in adaptive immunity" (See also: Past winners in Physiology or Medicine Nobel Prizes.)
One-half to Saul Perlmutter (U.S.) and one-half jointly to Brian P. Schmidt (Australia) and Adam G. Riess (U.S.) for "the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae"
Dan Shechtman (Israel) for "the discovery of quasicrystals"
Tomas Tranströmer (Sweden) "because, through his condensed, translucent images, he gives us fresh access to reality."
- Economics Thomas J. Sargent (U.S.) and Christopher A. Sims (U.S.) for "their empirical research on cause and effect in the macroeconomy"
- Did you know?
- For more than a billion Muslims around the world, Ramadan is a "month of blessing" marked by prayer, fasting, and charity.