2007 Nobel Prize Winners
Updated February 11, 2017 | Infoplease Staff
- Physics: Albert Fert (France) and Peter Grünberg (Germany) for "the discovery of giant magnetoresistance," the technology used to read data on hard disks
- Medicine: Mario R. Capecchi (U.S.), Sir Martin J. Evans (U.K.), and Oliver Smithies (U.S.) for "their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells"
- Chemistry: Gerhard Ertl (Germany) for "his studies of chemical processes on solid surfaces"
- Literature: Doris Lessing (U.K.) "that epicist of the female experience, who with skepticism, fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilization to scrutiny"
- Peace: Al Gore (U.S.) and the United Nations' Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Switzerland) for "their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change"
- Economics: Leonid Hurwicz (U.S.), Eric S. Maskin (U.S.), and Roger B. Myerson (U.S.) "for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory"