News and Events of 1995
- US rescues Mexico's economy with $20-billion aid program (Feb. 21).
- Russian space station Mir greets first Americans (March 14). US shuttle docks with station (June 27).
- Nerve gas attack in Tokyo subway kills eight and injures thousands. The Aum Shinrikyo ("Supreme Truth") cult is to blame (March 20). Background: International Terrorism
- Death toll 2,000 in Rwanda massacre (April 22).
- Fighting escalates in Bosnia and Croatia (May 1). Warring parties agree on cease-fire (Oct. 5); sign peace treaty (Dec. 14).
- France explodes nuclear device in Pacific; wide protests ensue (Sept. 5). Background: nuclear weapons
- Israelis and Palestinians agree on transferring West Bank to Arabs (Sept. 24). Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin slain by Jewish extremist at peace rally (Nov. 4).
- Criminal trial of O. J. Simpson opens in California (Jan. 24).
- Scores killed as terrorist's car bomb blows up block-long Oklahoma City federal building (April 19); Timothy McVeigh, 27, arrested as suspect (April 21); authorities seek second suspect, link right-wing paramilitary groups to bombing (April 22).
- Los Angeles jury finds O. J. Simpson not guilty of murder charges (Oct. 3).
- Pope John Paul II visits US on whirlwind tour (Oct. 4-8).
- Million Man March draws hundreds of thousands of black men to capital (Oct. 16).
US GDP (1998 dollars): $7,269.60 billion
Federal spending: $1519.13 billion
Federal debt: $4921.0 billion
Median Household Income
(current dollars): $34,076
Consumer Price Index: 152.4
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.32 (as of 1/1/95)
Super BowlSan Francisco d. San Diego (49-26)
World SeriesAtlanta Braves d. Cleveland (4-2)
NBA ChampionshipHouston d. Orlando (4-0)
Stanley CupNew Jersey d. Detroit (4-0)
WimbledonWomen: Steffi Graf d. A.S. Vicario (4-6 6-1 7-5)
Men: Pete Sampras d. B. Becker (6-7 6-2 6-4 6-2)
Kentucky Derby ChampionThunder Gulch
NCAA Basketball ChampionshipUCLA d. Arkansas (89-78)
NCAA Football ChampionsNebraska (12-0-0)
Fiction: The Stone Diaries, Carol Shields
Music: Stringmusic, Morton Gould
Drama: The Young Man from Atlanta, Horton Foote
Oscars awarded in 1995
Academy Award, Best Picture: Forrest Gump, Wendy Finerman, Steve Tisch and Steve Starkey, producers (Paramount)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Seamus Heaney (Ireland)
1995 Emmy Awards
1995 Tony Awards
Grammys awarded in 1995
Record of the Year: "All I Wanna Do," Sheryl Crow
Album of the Year: MTV Unplugged, Tony Bennett (Columbia)
Song of the Year: "Streets of Philadelphia" (Theme from Philadelphia), Bruce Springsteen, songwriter
Miss America: Heather Whitestone (AL)More Entertainment Awards...
- The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Museum opens in Cleveland. Renowned architect I. M. Pei designed the ultra-modern, 150,000 square-foot building.
- Grateful Dead frontman Jerry Garcia dies.
- An estimated 150 million people watch as the not guilty verdict is read in the O. J. Simpson verdict.
- The Metropolitan Opera installs screens on audience seats that display captions, to attract a wider audience.
- Babe, Braveheart, Leaving Las Vegas, The Usual Suspects, Dead Man Walking
- Pat Barker, The Ghost Road
- Richard Ford, Independence Day
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: F. Sherwood Rowland, Mario Molina (both US), and Paul Crutzen (Netherlands), for their pioneering work in explaining the chemical processes that deplete the earth's ozone shield
Physics: Martin L. Perl and Frederick Reines (both US), for their discoveries of "two of nature's most remarkable subatomic particles"—the tau and the neutrino
Physiology or Medicine: Edward B. Lewis, Eric F. Wieschaus (both US), and Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard (Germany), for studies of the fruit fly that will help explain congenital malformations in humans
- First solo transpacific balloon flight. Steve Fossett made a flight of more than 5,430 mi. from Seoul, South Korea, to Leader, Saskatchewan, Canada, in a helium-filled balloon. Also set record for distance (Feb. 1821, 1995). Background: Famous Firsts in Aviation
- Drs. Ian Wilmut and Keith Campbell (UK) create the world's first cloned sheep, Megan and Morag, from embryo cells. Background: Cloning Milestones