News and Events of 1969
- Nixon begins "Vietnamization" in Southeast Asia. Background: Vietnam War
- The United States, USSR, and about 100 other countries sign the nuclear nonproliferation treaty (NPT). Background: nuclear disarmament
- Russian and Chinese troops clash along the Ussuri River.
- 27-year-old Colonel Muammar al-Qaddafi deposes King Idris of Libya and establishes a pro-Arabic, anti-Western, Islamic republic.
US GDP (1998 dollars): $982.2 billion
Federal spending: $183.64 billion
Federal debt: $365.8 billion
Median Household Income
(current dollars): $8,389
Consumer Price Index: 36.7
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.06
Super BowlNY Jets d. Baltimore (16-7)
World SeriesNY Mets d. Baltimore (4-1)
NBA ChampionshipBoston d. LA Lakers (4-3)
Stanley CupMontreal d. St. Louis (4-0)
WimbledonWomen: Ann Jones d. B.J. King (3-6 6-3 6-2)
Men: Rod Laver d. J. Newcombe (6-4 5-7 6-4 6-4)
Kentucky Derby ChampionMajestic Prince
NCAA Basketball ChampionshipUCLA d. Purdue (92-72)
NCAA Football ChampionsTexas (11-0-0)
Fiction: House Made of Dawn, N. Scott Momaday
Music: String Quartet No. 3, Karel Husa
Drama: The Great White Hope, Howard Sackler
Oscars awarded in 1969
Academy Award, Best Picture: Oliver!, John Woolf, producer (Columbia)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Samuel Beckett (Ireland)
1969 Emmy Awards
1969 Tony Awards
Grammys awarded in 1969
Record of the Year: "Mrs. Robinson," Simon and Garfunkel
Album of the Year: By the Time I Get to Phoenix, Glen Campbell (Capitol)
Song of the Year: "Little Green Apples," Bobby Russell, songwriter
Miss America: Judith Anne Ford (IL)More Entertainment Awards...
- In August, more than half a million people gather in the small, upstate New York town of Bethel (near Woodstock, N.Y.) for four days of rain, sex, drugs and rock 'n' roll. Performers include Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix, The Who, Joan Baez, Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young, Jefferson Airplane and Sly and the Family Stone.
- A Rolling Stones fan is killed at the group's Altamont, California, concert by members of Hell's Angels.
- The FCC bans all cigarette advertising on television and radio.
- Children's Television Workshop introduces Sesame Street.
- Midnight Cowboy, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, The Wild Bunch, Easy Rider, Anne of the Thousand Days
- Robert Coover, Pricksongs and Descants
- John Fowles, The French Lieutenant's Woman
- Mario Puzo, The Godfather
- Philip Roth, Portnoy's Complaint
- Jean Stafford, Collected Stories
- Kurt Vonnegut, Slaughterhouse-Five
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Derek H. R. Barton (UK) and Odd Hassel (Norway), for study of organic molecules
Physics: Murray Gell-Mann (US), for study of subatomic particles
Physiology or Medicine: Max Delbruck, Alfred D. Hershey, and Salvador E. Luria (all US), for study of mechanism of virus infection in living cells
- Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin become the first humans to walk on the moon. Background: US Staffed Space Flights
- The first in vitro fertilization of a human egg is performed in Cambridge, England. Background: Birth & Contraception
- ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) goes online in December, connecting four major US universities. Designed for research, education, and government organizations, it is the foundation upon which the Internet will eventually be built. Background: Computers and Internet
- The scanning electron microscope is developed.
- The use of DDT is banned in residential areas.