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News and Events of 1938

World Events

World Statistics

population by decade

Nobel Peace Prize:
Office International Nansen pour les Réfugiés (Switzerland)

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  • Hitler marches into Austria; political and geographical union of Germany and Austria proclaimed.

  • Munich Pact—Britain, France, and Italy agree to let Germany partition Czechoslovakia.

  • Nazis destroy Jewish shops, homes, synagogues in Kristallnacht riots; 20,000-30,000 sent to concentration camps.

  • First oil strike in Kuwait transforms the emirate's economy.

U.S. Events

U.S. Statistics

President: Franklin D Roosevelt
Vice President: John N. Garner
Population: 129,824,939

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Economics

Federal spending:   $6.84 billion
Consumer Price Index:   14.1
Unemployment:   19.0%
Cost of a first-class stamp:   $0.03


Sports

World Series
NY Yankees d. Chicago Cubs (4-0)
Stanley Cup
Chicago d. Toronto (3-1)
Wimbledon
Women: Helen Moody d. H. Jacobs (6-4 6-0)
Men: Don Budge d. H. Austin (6-1 6-0 6-3)
Kentucky Derby Champion
Lawrin
NCAA Football Champions
TCU (11-0-0)
World Cup
Italy d. Hungary (4-2)

Entertainment

Entertainment Awards

Pulitzer Prizes
Fiction: The Late George Apley, John Phillips Marquand
Drama: Our Town, Thornton Wilder

Oscars awarded in 1938
Academy Award, Best Picture: The Life of Emile Zola (Warner Bros.)

Nobel Prize for Literature: Pearl S. Buck (US)

Miss America: Marilyn Meseke (OH)

More Entertainment Awards...

Events

Science

Nobel Prizes in Science

Chemistry: Richard Kuhn (Germany), for carotenoid study and vitamin research (declined)

Physics: Enrico Fermi (Italy), for identification of new radioactivity elements and discovery of nuclear reactions effected by slow neutrons

Physiology or Medicine: Corneille Heymans (Belgium), for determining importance of sinus and aorta mechanisms in the regulation of respiration

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