President Signs Peace Deal
On Aug. 26, 2015, President Salva Kiir signed an accord with rebels in an effort to end two years of conflict between
the two sides. The peace deal came after the United Nations threatened immediate action against Kiir if he did not
endorse it. President Obama and African leaders threatened to increase international sanctions and impose an arms
embargo if the two sides did not agree on the deal.
As part of the peace deal, Juba, the nation's capital, must be demilitarized. Also, the government and rebels must share control of the country's oil fields.
This was the ninth attempt at an accord since civil war broke out in 2013. The other eight attempts
fell apart before going into effect.