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South Sudan

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Index
  1. South Sudan Main Page
  2. Peace Accord Reached
  3. Historic Vote for Independence
  4. Oil Pipeline Deal Achieved
  5. Country on the Brink of Civil War
Country on the Brink of Civil War

In late July 2013, President Salva Kiir, dismissed his cabinet and vice-president, Riek Machar. He said the move was intended to streamline the government and rout out corruption. However, many saw it as an attempt to curtail the ambition and power of Machar. Machar and his backers called Kiir a dictator, and political unrest followed for months. In December, Kiir accused Machar of attempting a coup. Machar denied the allegation, and fighting broke out in Juba between government troops and rebels loyal to Machar. Tribal rivalries also factored into the violence, with the Dinka, the majority tribe, backing Kiir, and the second-largest tribe, the Nuer, supporting Machar. Rebels took control of Unity and Upper Nile, two oil-producing states, but government troops remained better armed and in control of most states. About 10,000 people died in the fighting and about 700,000 people fled their homes to escape the violence. The government and rebels signed a cease-fire in late January 2014 in Ethiopia. Both sides agreed to halt military operations while they negotiate further. The status of detainees, mostly supporters of Machar, remains a sensitive issue that could derail peace deal.

See also Serbia .
Kosovo Factsheet

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