South Sudan

Flag of South Sudan
  1. South Sudan Main Page
  2. Peace Accord Reached
  3. Historic Vote for Independence
  4. Oil Pipeline Deal Achieved
  5. Country Falls into Civil War
  6. President Signs Peace Deal
Oil Pipeline Deal Achieved

Under significant pressure from the African Union, United Nations, and U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Sudan and South Sudan reached an oil deal on Aug. 4, 2012. South Sudan, where the oil reserves are located, has agreed to compensate Sudan for the use of its oil pipeline in the form of both an amortized lump sum as well as a per-barrel payment. Financial details were not released.

After more than a year of no oil, Sudan and South Sudan reached an agreement in March 2013, brokered by the African Union, to resume oil production within the month. South Sudan gets 98% of its revenue from oil. The agreement established a timeline for resumption of oil production, and addressed other issues including security and border demarcation.

In an unofficial referendum held on Oct. 31, 2013, the 65,000 registered voters from the Dinka Ngok tribe of the disputed Abyei region voted to join South Sudan with a 99.9% majority. The unsurprising results were not recognized by the government of either country, nor did the other tribe, the Misseriya—who side with Sudan—nor the African Union support the vote.

Next: Country Falls into Civil War
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