|Facts & Figures|
President: Atifete Jahjaga (since 2011)
Prime minister: Hashim
Thaçi (since 2008)
Total area: 4,211 sq mi
(10,908 sq km)
Population (2013 est.):
Capital and largest city (2007 est.):
Pristina, 400,000 (2007 est.)
Other large cities: Prizren, 110,000;
Peja, 70,000; Mitrovica, 70,000
unit: euro (EUR); Serbian Dinar (RSD) is also in circulation
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(2012 est.); per capita: $7,400 (2012 est.).
Real growth rate:
8.3% (2011 est.).
45.4% (2011 est.).
800,000 (2011 est.),
nickel, lead, zinc,
magnesium, lignite, kaolin, chrome, bauxite.
million (2011): scrap metals, mining and processed metal products,
$3.3 billion (2011): petroleum,
foodstuffs, machinery and electrical equipment.
Central Europe Free Trade Area (2006).
Kosovo is land-locked and mostly mountainous. It borders Serbia to the
north and east, Montenegro to the northwest, Albania to the west, and
Macedonia to the south. Kosovo is roughly the size of Connecticut.
Republic. Kosovo, a former territory of Serbia, declared independence
in February 2008.
The first inhabitants on the Balkan Peninsula were the ancient people
known as the Illyrians. The Slavs followed in the 6th and 7th centuries.
Albanian speakers began moving into Kosovo from the Adriatic in the 8th
century. Kosovo was ruled by Bulgaria from the 9th century until Serbs
gained control of Kosovo in the 12th century. Kosovo was the site of the
Serbs' defeat by the Ottoman Turks in 1389. Kosovo was then absorbed by
the Ottoman Empire. The battle at Kosovo Field figures prominently in
Serbian poetry and has great national significance as the cradle of
The Ottoman Empire ruled Kosovo for centuries, until 1913, when Serbia
resumed control over the region. Under Ottoman rule, the region grew
increasingly more populated by Albanian speakers as a large number of
Christian Serbs emigrated. (Albanians are largely Muslim.) In 1918, Kosovo
became part of the Yugoslav Federation.
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