First Olympic Appearance: 1896
by Mike Morrison and Mark Zurlo
Sure, you may think you have a pretty good idea what shooting is. After all, you've seen plenty of Schwarzenneger movies. See the target, point the gun, pull the trigger. Pretty easy to understand, huh? But while there were only three shooting events in the first Games in 1896, the Athens Olympics will feature seventeen, ten for men and seven for women.
The seventeen events are broken up into four separate groups: shotgun, rifle, pistol, and running-target.
- Shotgun Made to simulate bird shooting, competitors stand in their shooting stations and fire at clay targets. Obviously, whoever hits the most targets wins and a target is considered "hit" when any visible piece is shot off of it. The shotgun competition is actually broken up into three separate competitions—the trap, double trap, and skeet. In the trap, the shooter sees three different areas that can release the target but doesn't know which one it will come from. In the double trap, two targets are released simultaneously from the same bank of traps. And in the skeet competition, two targets are released from different traps at either end of a semicircle.
- Rifle Competitors shoot at a stationary target consisting of ten concentric rings, with the innermost being the "bullseye." The targets are placed either 10 meters or 50 meters away and shooters fire from the standing, kneeling, and prone positions.
- Pistol The pistol is very similar to the rifle events except is pistol is used instead of a rifle. Shooters must only use one hand to fire the pistol.
- Running event Using an air rifle with a telescopic sight (the only event where telescopic sights are allowed), shooters stand and fire at a paper target moving across a two-meter opening from ten meters away. Shooters have five seconds to hit the target in the "slow run" and 2.5 seconds in the "fast run."
Unlike previous Olympics, the shooting venue is close to the majority of the action of the 2012 Games. The temporary venue at The Royal Artillery Barracks is constructed of 18,000 sq m of PVC membrane forming three indoor ranges with spectactor grandstands for Pistol and Rifle Shooting, and two outdoor shotgun ranges for Trap and Skeet events.