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Timeline: Czarist Russia

Ivan the Terrible becomes the first czar of Russia

by David Johnson
1533 1589 1605 1613 1689 1762 1812 1861 1904 1914 Next Timeline

1533

Ivan IV (the Terrible) the first czar; expands autocracy, begins annexation of Siberia

1589

Russian Orthodox Church becomes independent of other orthodox churches

1605-1613

Time of Troubles, Poland invades Russia

1613

Michael Romanov becomes czar, founds dynasty that rules until 1917

1689-1725

Peter I (the Great) Russia's first emperor; creates modern European power; promotes Western culture, builds new capital, St. Petersburg

1762-1796

Catherine II (the Great) turns Russia into one of strongest powers in Continental Europe

1812

Napoleon invades Russia; ferocious winter and Russian resistance nearly annihilate French

1861

Alexander II emancipates serfs, launches reforms

1904

Russia loses Russo-Japanese War; Revolution of 1905 forces Nicholas II to accept a parliament, constitution

1914-1917

Russia enters World War I, suffers devastating defeats from Germany and Austria, morale collapses; revolution erupts




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