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African Americans by the Numbers

From the U.S. Census Bureau

Find information on African-American populations, veterans, business-owners, incomes, home-owners, and more, in honor of Black History Month.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

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Population

44.5 million

The number of blacks, either alone or in combination with one or more other races, on July 1, 2012, up 1.0 percent from July 1, 2011.

77.4 million

The projected black, either alone or in combination, population of the United States (including those of more than one race) for July 1, 2060. On that date, according to the projection, blacks would constitute 18.4 percent of the nation's total population.

3.7 million

The black population in New York, which led all states as of July 1, 2012. Texas had the largest numeric increase since 2011 (87,000). The District of Columbia had the highest percentage of blacks (51.6 percent), followed by Mississippi (38.0 percent).

1.3 million

Cook County, Ill. (Chicago) had the largest black population of any county in 2012 (1.3 million), and Harris, Texas (Houston) had the largest numeric increase since 2011 (20,000). Holmes, Miss., was the county with the highest percentage of blacks in the nation (83.1 percent).

Serving Our Nation

2.4 million

Number of black military veterans in the United States in 2012.

Education

83.2%

The percentage of blacks 25 and older with a high school diploma or higher in 2012.
;

18.7%

The percentage of blacks 25 and older who had a bachelor's degree or higher in 2012.

1.6 million

Among blacks 25 and older, the number who had an advanced degree in 2012.

3.7 million

Number of blacks enrolled in college in 2012 compared with 2.9 million in 2007, a 28 percent increase.

Voting

17.8 million

The number of blacks who voted in the 2012 presidential election. In comparison to the 2008 election, about 1.7 million additional black voters reported going to the polls in 2012.

66.2%

Percent of blacks who voted in the 2012 presidential election, higher than the 64.1 percent of non-Hispanic whites who did so. This marks the first time that blacks have voted at a higher rate than whites since the Census Bureau started publishing statistics on voting by the eligible citizen population in 1996.

Income, Poverty and Health Insurance

$33,321

The annual median income of black households in 2012, compared with the nation at $51,017.

27.2%

Poverty rate in 2012 for blacks, while nationally it was 15.0 percent.

81.0%

Percentage of blacks that were covered by health insurance during all or part of 2012. Nationally, 84.6 percent of all races were covered by health insurance.

Families and Children

61.8%

Among households with a black householder, the percentage that contained a family in 2013. There were 9.8 million black family households.

45.7%

Among families with black householders, the percentage that were married couples in 2013.

1.3 million

Number of black grandparents who lived with their own grandchildren younger than 18 in 2012. Of this number, 47.6 percent were also responsible for their care.

Jobs

28.1%

The percentage of civilian employed blacks 16 and older who worked in management, business, science and arts occupations, while 36.1 percent of the total population worked in these occupations.

Information Please® Database, © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Information Please® Database, © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

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