More Naming Conventions
American Indian versus Native American
Native North Americans of Canada
Aboriginal people: The Canadian Constitution recognizes three groups of Aboriginal peoples: First Nations (Indians), Métis, and Inuit.
First Nations: in Canada, this is the preferred alternative to Indian. In addition to First Nations, other terms used include Native Canadians and Aboriginals.
Inuit: the term of preference for the Native people of the Canadian Arctic and Greenland. The term "Eskimo" is considered offensive in Canada (but not in Alaska).
Métis: Métis people, those of "mixed blood" (mixed European and Native ancestry), are one one of the three Aboriginal peoples officially recognized in Canada.
For a general discussion of terms used in Canada, see "Words First: An Evolving Terminology Relating to Aboriginal Peoples in Canada", Indian and Northern Affairs Canada.
Native North Americans of Alaska
Alaska Native: The official name used by the U.S. government to refer to the aboriginal people of Alaska, which includes including American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut peoples. See http://www.pbs.org/harriman/1899/native.html
Eskimo: The Native people of the Arctic coastal regions of North America and parts of Greenland and northeast Siberia. The term is used in Alaska but is considered offensive in Canada.
Aleut: The Native people inhapiting the Aleutian Islands and coastal areas of southwest Alaska.