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American Indians By the Numbers

From the U.S. Census Bureau

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Find out how many American Indians live in the United States, where they live, the languages they speak, and more.

Population

5.4 million

The nation’s population of American Indians and Alaska Natives, including those of more than one race. They made up about 2 percent of the total population in 2014. Of this total, about 48 percent were American Indian and Alaska Native only, and about 52 percent were American Indian and Alaska Native in combination with one or more other races.

10.2 million

The projected population of American Indians and Alaska Natives, alone or in combination, on July 1, 2060. They would constitute 2.4 percent of the total population.

492,605

The American Indian and Alaska Native population, alone or in combination, 65 and over, in 2014.

15

The number of states with 100,000 or more American Indian and Alaska Native residents, alone or in combination, in 2014. These states were California, Oklahoma, Arizona, Texas, New York, New Mexico, Washington, North Carolina, Florida, Michigan, Alaska, Oregon, Colorado, Pennsylvania and Minnesota.

19.4%

The proportion of Alaska’s population identified as American Indian and Alaska Native, alone or in combination, in 2014, the highest share for this race group of any state. Alaska was followed by Oklahoma (13.5 percent), New Mexico (10.4 percent), South Dakota (10.1 percent) and Montana (8.0 percent). The estimates for New Mexico and South Dakota were not significantly different from one another.

31.4

The median age for those who were American Indian and Alaska Native, alone or in combination, in 2014. This compares with a median age of 37.7 for the U.S. population as a whole.

Reservations

326

The number of federally recognized American Indian reservations in 2015. All in all, excluding Hawaiian Home Lands, there are 630 American Indian and Alaska Native legal and statistical areas for which the Census Bureau provides statistics.

Tribes

566

The number of federally recognized Indian tribes in 2015.

Families

1,788,853

The number of American Indian and Alaska Native households in 2014 (households with a householder who was American Indian and Alaska Native alone or in combination with another race). Of these, 37.8 percent were married-couple families, including those with children.

6.0%

The percentage of American Indians and Alaska Natives, alone or in combination with other races, age 30 and over, who were grandparents living with at least one of their grandchildren in 2014.

Housing

53.0%

The percentage of single-race American Indian and Alaska Native householders who owned their own home in 2014. This is compared with 63.1 percent of the overall population.

Languages

26.8%

The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives, age 5 and older who spoke a language other than English at home in 2014, compared with 21.1 percent for the nation as a whole.

Education

82.4%

The percentage of American Indians and Alaska Natives alone or in combination, 25 and older, who had at least a high school diploma, GED certificate or alternative credential in 2014. In addition, 18.5 percent obtained a bachelor’s degree or higher. In comparison, 86.9 percent of the overall population, 25 and older, had a high school diploma or higher, and 30.1 percent had a bachelor’s degree or higher.

39.7%

The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives, 25 and older, with a bachelor’s degree or higher whose degree was in science and engineering, or science and engineering-related fields, in 2014. This compares with 43.9 percent for all people 25 and older with a bachelor’s degree or higher.

13.9%

The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives, 25 and older, who had a bachelor’s, graduate or professional degree in 2014.

Businesses

274,238

The number of American Indian and Alaska Native owned firms in 2012.

Jobs

26.3%

The percentage of civilian-employed, single-race American Indian and Alaska Native people, 16 and older, who worked in management, business, science and arts occupations in 2014. In addition, 25.6 percent worked in service occupations and 22.3 percent in sales and office occupations. The percentage in management, business, science and arts occupations was not significantly different from the percentage in service occupations.

Veterans

140,556

The number of single-race American Indian and Alaska Native veterans of the U.S. Armed Forces in 2014.

Income and Poverty

$37,227

The median household income of single-race American Indian and Alaska Native households in 2014. This compares with $53,657 for the nation as a whole.
Source: 2014 American Community Survey

28.3%

The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives who were in poverty in 2014, the highest rate of any race group. For the nation as a whole, the poverty rate was 15.5 percent.

Health Insurance

23.1%

The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives who lacked health insurance coverage in 2014. For the nation as a whole, the corresponding percentage was 11.7 percent.


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