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Vanadium


4
23
50.9415
KEY
Chemical Element Symbol Key

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Vanadium
Columbia Encyclopedia
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Symbol: V
Atomic Number: 23
Atomic Weight: 50.9415
Element Classification: Transition Metal
Discovered By: Nils Gabriel Sefstrom
Discovery Date: 1830 (Sweden)
Name Origin: The scandinavian goddess, Vanadis.
Density (g/cc): 6.11
Melting Point (K): 2160
Boiling Point (K): 3650
Appearance: Soft, ductile, silvery-white metal
Atomic Radius (pm): 134
Atomic Volume (cc/mol): 8.35
Covalent Radius (pm): 122
Ionic Radius: 59 (+5e) 74 (+3e)
Specific Heat (@20°C J/g mol): 0.485
Fusion Heat (kJ/mol): 17.5
Evaporation Heat (kJ/mol): 460
Thermal Conductivity (@25°C W/m K):
Debye Temperature (K): 390.00
Pauling Negativity Number: 1.63
First Ionizing Energy (kJ/mol): 650.1
Oxidation States: 5, 4, 3, 2, 0
Electronic Configuration: [Ar] 3d3 4s2
Lattice Structure: Body-Centered Cubic (BCC
Lattice Constant (Å): 3.020
Lattice C/A Ratio: n/a


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